Spinal Cord Injury and a Personal Injury Claim
Your spinal cord is a thin, long tubular bundle of support cells and nervous tissue that extends from your brain. More specifically, your spinal cord extends from that part of your brain that is known as the medulla oblongata.
Your spinal cord starts at your occipital bone and extends down to the space between your first and second lumbar vertebrae. Your spinal cord does not extend for the entire length of your vertebral column.
Your spinal cord is protected by your bony spinal column. Your spinal column is composed of bones that are referred to as vertebrae.
Central nervous system
Your brain and spinal cord are what make up your central nervous system. Your spinal cord is the part of your central nervous system that sends messages to and from your brain to the rest of your body.
Your spinal cord has 31 segments. These are 8 neck (cervical), 12 upper back (thoracic), 5 middle back (lumbar), 5 hips (sacral) and 1 tailbone (coccygeal). Your spinal cord is also made up of many kinds of cells and nerve fibers.
When you sustain a spinal cord injury, the level of that injury is talking about the particular segment of your spinal cord that has been injured. It also refers to the area below the damaged segment where you lose function in either a partial or complete way. What this means is that your brains ability to send and receive messages down your spinal cord is either hindered or lost completely.
Loss of function greater
You lose more function, the higher up you suffer injury to your spinal cord. If you have a C5 injury, which means an injury to your neck or cervical area, your loss of function is greater than if you have an L4 injury (lumbar, middle back).
A spinal cord injury is regarded as either being a complete or incomplete injury. A complete spinal cord injury is one in which you no longer have any function on either side of your body below the segment of your spinal cord that was injured. This means paralysis. You are not able to feel or move anything below the level of your injury.
An incomplete spinal cord injury is one in which you continue to have some kind of function below the segment of your spinal cord that was hurt. The function that you retain may be the ability to feel sensation or the ability to move.
Some type of trauma
While an injury to your spinal cord can be the result of some kind of ailment, it usually results from some type of trauma to your spinal cord. When an injury occurs, your vertebrae are fractured or dislocated.
Spinal cord injuries can be extremely serious. They can result in paralysis and disability. In addition to your initial spinal cord injury, secondary injuries can take place that may cause even greater damage to your spinal cord.
If your spinal cord injury was due to the negligence of another party, you may be able to be compensated for your injuries by making a personal injury claim. The best thing to do is to contact a personal injury attorney and discuss your case with him or her.