Definition of Case
A case is a legal action filed in court. It can also refer to the evidence and testimony by one party in a lawsuit. It is used to prove the plaintiff or defendant's case. A case can be initiated through a complaint, petition, or indictment. If a plaintiff wins a civil case they can be awarded compensation for medical costs, lost wages, death expenses and pain and suffering.
To win a civil case the plaintiff does not have to prove their case "beyond a reasonable doubt" but rather through a preponderance of evidence. Plaintiffs can also bring a civil case against the negligent party or parties even if the defendant is not charged or convicted of a crime. For instance, O.J. Simpson lost a civil injury case and had to pay damages to the family in the Nicole Simpson murder case even though he was found not guilty of murder.
Civil cases are based on the concept of negligence and injury. For instance, if a person's negligence has injured another party the injured party can sue to recover damages for their loss due to the actions of the defendant. There are many different kinds of civil cases including divorce cases, child support cases, and child custody, automobile incidents, breached contracts, product liability and medical malpractice.