Definition of Causation
Causation is the relationship between an activity and the outcome. Claimants who wish to file a personal injury claim must demonstrate that the defendant's actions were the "proximate cause" for their loss. Causation involves proving the person new the outcome was likely or could be the foreseeable result of the negligence and continued to proceed with the action, exposing another party to the risk of harm.
For example, if a driver rams their car into a restaurant and the ceiling of the restaurant collapses and a steel beam crushes a patron of the restaurant, injuring him, the patron may sue the driver for their injuries. Although the driver did not intentionally drop the steel beam on the patron they should have foreseen that their actions were the proximate cause of the patron's injury because injury to patron of the restaurant is a foreseeable result of crashing a car into a building. Note that the particular injury and the manner in which the injury occurs do not have to be foreseeable in order to constitute proximate cause. Talk to an injury lawyer if you are considering filing an injury claim and you are not sure if your case meets the requirements.