Definition of Civil Law
Civil law is the body of law which outlines the resolutions, remedies and rights for noncriminal disputes. Civil laws are generally "codified" and are continuously updated. In civil law cases the judge will evaluate the facts of the case and apply the provisions within a framework established by a comprehensive, codified set of laws. The American legal system was highly influenced by the common law traditions brought to the North American colonies from England, although some states' laws have also been influenced by other countries such as Spain, Mexico and France.
The most common types of civil cases include divorce cases, medical malpractice, personal injury, child custody suits and contract disputes.