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Definition of Judge

A judge is a public official who hears cases in a court of law. After hearing the evidence they pronounce a judgment. Many states have a threshold that the alleged damages must meet in order to give the plaintiff the right to request a jury trial. This is also known as the "amount in controversy." If the damages are lower than the threshold the case must be heard by a judge.

Judges have numerous responsibilities, including ensuring the laws are being followed correctly and overseeing hearings and trials. Judges must have a college decree, and they must attend law school and pass the Law School Admission Test (LSAT). They must become a lawyer. Most lawyers who aspire to be judges will also try to work for a judge as a law clerk. Judges are either appointed or elected so the individual will also need to have a good reputation and political support. Finally, a judge should continue to receive training.

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