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Definition of Judgment

A judgment is the verdict in a civil case. The judge writes the judgment, and it specifies the awards and compensation given by the responsible party to the injured party. Judgments are remunerative and punitive. If the responsible party fails to pay the compensation outlined in the judgment they may have their wages garnished and be subject to property liens and bank account levies.

Civil judgments can be made even if a criminal is found not guilty of a crime in a criminal case or if the prosecutor decides not to bring a criminal case against the defendant. For example, personal injury crimes such as product liability cases, premise liability cases, car accident cases, and medical malpractice cases may allow an injured plaintiff to file a personal injury case to recover monetary damages. In a civil case punishment is not decided. The defendant will not go to jail or face other criminal penalties; they generally are simply forced to pay monetary damages to the plaintiff.

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