Definition of Judgment Notwithstanding The Verdict
A judgment notwithstanding the verdict is a rare motion which is used to ask the judge for a judgment which is contrary to the jury's verdict because the jury's verdict is deemed unreasonable. This judgment is made after the court decides no reasonable jury could reach the verdict the jury reached. This can occur if the jury did not follow proper instructions and ruled for the opposing party using legally insufficient evidence.
To file this motion the attorney would have first filed a motion for judgment after all of the evidence had been heard. If this initial motion was filed and the judge allowed the case to go to the jury for a decision but they made a totally unreasonable decision then the attorney can file a motion for judgment notwithstanding verdict. If the judge agrees, he will rule on the case.