Definition of Trial
A trial allows the plaintiff and the defendant the opportunity to present their evidence in court. Depending on the case a judge or jury will hear the evidence and make a determination of guilt or innocence. Most civil cases are settled out of court before the case is taken to trial. Some types of civil cases are required to seek alternative resolutions such as arbitration or mediation to avoid the cost and time of trial.
If you believe you have been injured due to the negligence of another person you may have a case if you can prove a breach of duty due to negligence, the breach caused your injury and your injury caused loss. If you cannot prove the elements of a civil case there is no reason to file a claim because you will not win your case and your case will never go to trial.